A Skin Question Answered

Most of us incorporate exercise into our lives in some way, shape, or form. The Arizona heat does not help the sweating aspect of that, as well. Have you ever wondered how your skin is affected by all that perspiration and exercise? This article covers the bases on why your skin acts the way it does during exercise and what it means long term.

The benefits of running seem to be endless: It can cut your risk of cardiovascular disease, tone your body, help you slim down, boost your mood?should we go on? But have you ever returned from a sweaty, heart-thumping workout and wondered: What’s happening to my face while I’m working on my fitness? What effects does hitting the pavement have on my collagen, elastin, capillaries, and crow?s-feet? We asked the experts for answers.

That red-in-the-face look is a normal part of exercise.

We all want that sexy postrun glow (here’s what to keep in your gym bag), but let?s be honest: Sometimes we look more red and blotchy than cute and dewy. That?s normal and not a bit harmful, says Marc Glashofer, a skin-cancer surgeon in New Jersey. When you run, your blood vessels dilate to release heat, which results in red skin.

For the most part, the red effect chills out as you cool down.

One caveat: Dilated blood vessels can worsen chronic skin conditions like rosacea, says Melissa Kanchanapoomi Levin, a dermatologist in New York City. This isn?t to say that people with rosacea need to skip running altogether. Just keep a cold cloth by the treadmill to cool down, she suggests. If you?re running outside, a splash from a water bottle works just as well.

In general, working out keeps chronic skin conditions at bay.

It?s no secret that cardio calms us the heck down. Exercise decreases the level of the stress hormone cortisol, which can be beneficial for chronic skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and acne, Kanchanapoomi Levin says. Just skip wearing the one-size-too-small fitness clothes. Supersnug outfits can worsen preexisting skin conditions, she adds.

A long jog equals a free spa treatment…kind of.

A five-mile loop could just replace your next spa treatment?sort of. ?Increasing your circulation with cardio delivers a greater amount of oxygen and nutrients to your skin, which helps repair it and increase collagen production,? says Kanchanapoomi Levin. Plus, enhanced blood flow helps skin cells regenerate, she adds?meaning cycling could actually be anti-aging. Shoot for cardio at 40 to 60 percent of your maximum heart rate, three to five times a week, she suggests.

Overdoing it might piss off your skin.

Some research shows that strenuous activity can worsen the health of your skin by causing more free-radical damage, which can age you, says Kanchanapoomi Levin. According to 2008 research findings published in Free Radical Biology and Medicine, superintense exercise can lead to detrimental effects on the skin if you’ve been working out near your maximum heart rate for extended periods of time (this is not including HIIT). Also, as your body produces extra free radicals, it also produces more of the counteracting antioxidant enzymes. ?Regular and frequent exercise, coupled with a healthy diet loaded with greens and antioxidants, should be enough for a healthy person to fight off the excess free-radical production from exercise,? says Levin.

There may be a little something to that whole “sweating out toxins” thing.

Anyone who?s ever logged a sweaty run can tell you that (most of the time) it beats a glass of rosé on the couch. And according to the experts, it?s as good for your skin as it is for your psyche. ?Enhanced blood flow can help skin cells regenerate and remove toxins more efficiently,? says Kanchanapoomi Levin.

But wait, won?t sweat make me break out?

First off, sweat is sterile, says Glashofer. ?We need to sweat for thermoregulation?it cools us down,? he says. For the most part, our skin is totally OK when we sweat. (Exercise-induced urticaria is a rare condition in whiich you can break out in hives from an allergy to your own sweat.) Def don’t sport sweatproof makeup, either.

Also, sweat isn?t usually going to cause a huge breakout.

What?s more likely to give you pimples: sitting around in damp workout clothes. Sweat creates a warm, moist environment, says Levin. ?Lingering sweat and dirt can clog pores, and oftentimes in my patients who work out regularly, I see a worsening of acne on the chest, back, or the forehead,? she says. It?s called acne mechanica, and friction between your skin and workout gear stimulates the production of excess oil, which in turn clogs your pores.

Sidestep the issue by washing your makeup off prerun and rinsing off afterward.

Acne-prone? A salicylic acid spray or cleanser or a benzoyl peroxide lotion after workouts can help, says Levin. Also, always look for breathable gear.

Hitting the pavement can up your risk of skin cancer.

Twenty-minute jogs here and two-hour half-marathons there add up. That?s part of the reason dermatologists might see outdoor athletes at a younger age, says Glashofer. While any kind of activity that puts you outdoors can raise your risk of skin cancer, some runners tend to skip sunblock to avoid the discomfort of it dripping into their eyes, Glashofer says. (It?s also easy to space on the fact that you need it.)

You should apply sunscreen before you head outside. Pick up a water-resistant broad-spectrum product and reapply every 80 minutes, suggests Kanchanapoomi Levin. Physical blockers like zinc oxide won?t sting like chemical versions when used as sunscreens. And also, don?t forget your lips! A few faves: Elta UV Lip Balm Broad-spectrum SPF 31, Aeon Skin ProSport Non-Drip Sunscreen SPF 50+, and Neutrogena Sport Cool Dry.

Watch this video for three easy gym-bag beauty hacks.

Source: http://www.allure.com/story/what-happens-skin-on-a-run

Pesky Pimples Got You Down?

One skin problem we can all attest to experiencing at some point in our lives are pimples, and worse, blackheads. We know how they can bring down one’s self esteem. There are so many things we can do to our skin with the latest technologies and products, but blackheads just seem to pop up whenever they want. If you relate to this, the article below is worth the read!

Dr. Pimple Popper may have turned acne into entertainment, but when the blemishes are on your own face, treatment is decidedly less amusing. Blackheads, in particular, are practically begging to be squeezed, though dermatologists agree that digging up unsightly clogged pores will only exacerbate the problem. So how to banish blackheads for good?

The first part of the process is to understand what blackheads are. Those dark dots are “essentially clogged pores,” or, technically speaking, “open comedones,” says Miami-based board certified dermatologist Leslie Baumann. They’re dead skin cells that get stuck in your pores and don’t “desquamate or flake off of the top layer of skin properly.” The dark color comes into play when the skin is joined by sebum and debris that oxidizes when exposed to air. (“Whiteheads, on the other hand, are closed comedones, which means the sebum, debris, and bacteria are trapped within the pore by the uppermost layer of skin,” says Baumann.) And the second part of the process? Our five-step banishment plan, below:

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Prevention Is Key

Familiarize yourself with the term “keratinization.” It’s the culprit behind those dark spots. “When this keratinization process is altered, the pores get clogged and cause blackheads,” explains Baumann. Chronic blackhead sufferers can normalize this process and get themselves right by adding retinoids to their routine. If the situation isn’t dire, she suggests an OTC retinol option, like Olay Regenerist Intensive Repair Treatment.

For a more potent punch of the active ingredient, have your derm write you a script for Tretinoin or Adapalene to “keep plugs from forming and promote rapid cell turnover,” says New York City dermatologist Patricia Wexler.

Consider Your Cleanser’s Ingredients (and Rethink Your Cleansing Brush)

For fully formed blackheads, try switching out your regular A.M. cleanser for one packed with salicylic acid to really help clear out pores. (We like Peter Thomas Roth Acne Clearing Wash.)

“Salicylic acid, unlike glycolic acid, can penetrate into the sebum to clean out the pores,” Baumann says. You can also take advantage of the effective acid in treatment gels and lotions. It’s important to choose your exfoliating methods wisely, as manual options like cleansing brushes “can actually increase the amount of comedones by causing disordered keratinization,” says Baumann. Other non-physical techniques Wexler likes for unclogging are masks with clay or charcoal, and acid peels (try First Aid Beauty Facial Radiance Intensive Peel).

Mask and Steam Instead of Popping

All derms agree that you should never take blackhead matters into your own hands because the results can be ugly (think infections, cysts, and scarring). So just fight the urge. If you really need to banish a blackhead, Baumann recommends booking an appointment with a specially trained aesthetician, who will mostly likely “apply an enzyme mask combined with steam to open the pores, and then apply gentle pressure with a special tool using a technique to push the contents out of the skin rather than deeper into it.” Because amateurs can cause acne cysts, she strongly advises seeking your doctor’s referral.

Banish the Hidden Sources of Bacteria

Sometimes the solution to your problems is staring you right in the face, or at least touching your face. Be sure to change out your pillowcases often and wipe down your cell phone, if you still happen to use it as a traditional phone. And while third-day hair looks cool, going one more day past that can leave your locks oily and lead to clogged pores, says Wexler. On the issue of oil, the doctor also suggests ensuring you’re not slathering yourself in styling products, sunscreen, and makeup packed with oils. Sticking with non-acneic formulas (like Clinique Broad Spectrum SPF 30 Mineral Sunscreen Fluid for Face) is a safe bet.

As a Last Resort, Try Lasers

When all else fails, there is Isolaz. “This [is a] light-assisted vacuum device that opens the pore, vacuums the contents while delivering IPL to kill the bacteria, and then infuses salicylic acid into the pore,” says Wexler. In addition to making the pimple go poof, it helps prevent them in the long-term if you sign up for a series of treatments.

Source: http://www.elle.com/beauty/makeup-skin-care/a38972/how-to-get-rid-blackheads/

Caviar for Anti-Aging?

More research is coming out proving you can do more with caviar than just eat it. There are quite a few skin care lines that already knew this and have created products with caviar in them. It is said to be especially good in the anti-aging genre. If you have not jumped on this bandwagon yet and can afford to try it for yourself read the full article below.

Of all the foods that have transitioned from tasty-on-your-plate to beautifying-ingredient-du-jour ?think honey, yogurt, sugar, etc.?caviar is easily the most decadent. (What else could possibly have been the star ingredient in Melania Trump’s ill-fated skin care line, which appeared and disappeared circa 2012?) It may also turn out to be the most efficacious.

“Caviar is expensive to eat, and expensive to have in your skin care, but there is some data showing that caviar extracts can help slow skin aging,” says Manhattan dermatologist Joshua Zeichner. “It’s loaded with vitamins and amino acids that provide building blocks for skin cells to function optimally.”

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Although caviar-infused skin care isn’t new?in fact, it’s been popping up in products since the Dynasty era?until recently there hasn’t been a lot of hard science to prove its antiaging prowess. A 2012 study showed that, when mixed with an antioxidant, it could boost mitochondrial function as well as strengthen the skin’s structure. And now La Prairie, which introduced its debut Skin Caviar product?Skin Caviar Dermo Beads?in 1987, has emerged with a raft of new studies showing that its caviar extract actually does even more than the scientists who created the range could have expected.

[Caviar] firms and lifts over time, minimizes the appearance of pores, and re-texturizes the skin.

During the development of the Swiss brand’s newest innovation, the Skin Caviar Essence-in-Lotion?a silky, post-cleansing treatment that helps to prepare the skin for any serums and creams to follow?La Prairie’s research and development team ran rigorous tests on its caviar extract, which is sourced from sustainably farmed Siberian sturgeon. “When we began using caviar extract 30 years ago, we knew that the eggs were very rich in nutrients that we believed could be beneficial to the skin, but we didn’t have the sophisticated methods that we have now to measure precisely what changes were occurring in the cells. By applying new technology, we’re revealing new secrets,” says Jacqueline Hill, La Prairie’s director of strategic innovation and science. Hill and her colleagues found that the caviar extract not only enhances the production of collagen in fibroblast cells, but it also boosts epidermal skin cells’ production of ceramides (the natural lipids that help skin retain moisture and give it a nice, glowy sheen).

The Essence-in-Lotion, which contains “caviar water” derived from a steam-distillation process, Hill says, “is preparing and hydrating, as we would expect from an essence, but it’s actually doing more than just that. We’ve shown that it firms and lifts over time, minimizes the appearance of pores, and re-texturizes the skin. It’s really quite a multidimensional benefit.”

Caviar (it’s actually not the fish eggs themselves that typically make it into products, but rather extracts from the nutrient-rich matrix that surrounds them) contains concentrated doses of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, and?though independent studies have yet to conclusively prove this?the proteins and minerals it contains may prevent inflammation and protect against sun damage as well. Swedish brand Kerstin Florian’s Caviar Age Defense Serum, which combines caviar extract with peptides, reduced wrinkle depth by up to 27 percent after 56 days of use in an in-house in vivo study.

Lotions and potions featuring the precious roe appear in spa menus aplenty?the crème de la crème of which has got to be La Prairie’s super-indulgent $1,000 caviar facial at the Ritz-Carlton in New York City?or you could go DIY and just smear a pot of beluga on your face, though it would probably be considerably less pleasant. Beyond the complexion, caviar is also believed to beautify hair and nails: The natural lipids in Alterna’s best-selling Caviar range prevent moisture loss from the hair and scalp while also smoothing frizz, and the Kensington Caviar in Nails Inc. top- and base coatssupposedly helps strengthen a manicure (the weird, bumpy caviar manicure fad from a few years ago, by the way, did not contain any actual caviar).

Caviar?aficionados say it’s best eaten from the back of one’s hand?is an acquired taste as a food. But slathering it on your skin is beginning to seem like an excellent idea. Its long-purported benefits, from making skin glow to giving hair gleam, are more, it appears, than a big-fish story.

Source: http://www.elle.com/beauty/a39289/caviar-beauty-products/